The first clause is a statement that carries certain expectations. The second clause is not one of these expectations. It asserts the opposite of one of the expectations. In the first example, the expectation is that anyone who has become rich should stop working.
Sentences in context give rise to any number of expectations. A simple sentence like the following may have any number of expectations.
|Nakatayo na si Arthur.
|Handa na siyang lumakad.
|Gusto na niyang umuwi.
|Maaabot na niya ang ilaw.
|Mas malaki siya kay Ramon.
These expectations may turn out to be false. That is, their negation may be true, giving rise to counter-expectations.
These sentences are much better with the particles na in the first clause, and the particle pa in the second clause. Another set of particles that occurs in counter-expectations is nga in the first clause and naman in the second clause.
The conjunctors nguni't, datapwa't, and subali't are too formal for use in everyday speech.
As in Type A counter-expectation, the cause clause in Type B constructions contain a statement that is not expected to occur with the first clause.
In speech, the particle pa in the second clause is heavily stressed. The expectations are:
They are the negatives of the second clauses.
A common use of the second clause of an at...pa conjunction is to express sarcasm. The examples below express the idea that the speaker does not believe that the person spoken about is capable of performing the action, or that he considers it wrong or inappropriate for him to do so.
The second clause states the expectation, but the conjunctor eliminates it as an occurrence; what actually happened is stated in the first clause.
In this type of counter-expectation, the second clause states the expectation which the conjunctor negates. In the previous two types discussed, the second clause states the opposite of the expectation.
The first clause is a statement with some assumptions, and the second clause states the opposite of one of the assumptions. In the example above, the assertion in the first clause that Alejandro is heavy carries the assumption (at least in the mind of the speaker) that he could not have a slim physique. The second clause states that he, in fact, is slim.
The counter-expectation clause is the assertion in a counter-assumption conjunction. The counter-assumption clause is the assertion in a counter-expectation conjunction. This is illustrated in the following sentences.
The second clause serves as a purpose for carrying out the first clause. The linker ay may be contracted to 'y or entirely omitted.
Upang and sa gayon are infrequent in informal speech.
The second conjunct is offered as an alternative to the first. The particle kaya occurs optionally in one or the other clause.
The second clause expresses a condition that must be satisfied if the first clause is to be true.
(Saka-)sakali (at) adds to the remoteness of the plausibility of the condition.
The conditional second clause, when introduced by kung, may be used alone to express a wish.
Used with the conjunctor at, the conditional expresses a dare or a challenge.
These constructions express a temporal relationship between the events of the component clauses. There are a number of possibilities: the event of the second clause may have started earlier or later or simultaneously with the event of the first clause. The conjunction may focus on the fact that both events are ongoing, or that they will terminate simultaneously.
The event in the second clause occurs after the event in the first clause.
The event of the second clause occurs before the event of the first clause.