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Creating Accessible Media

Captioning Videos

Captions for Live Streaming

Audio Descriptions

Captioning Videos

Video captions are not just useful for the deaf and hard of hearing, but may also be used by students whom may be studying in a quiet environment. Some services, such as YouTube, have automated captioning tools. These automated tools are not a reliable substitute for manual captioning. Please ensure that all captions and transcripts created are accurate.

Augusta ADA Solution

Augusta ADA Solution is an automated captioning tool provided by the University of Hawaii System which allows faculty and staff to upload video files for automated caption/transcription. The automated caption/transcript can then be edited for accuracy with the built-in editing tool. Video files and their transcripts can then be exported to Google Drive for sharing. Supported files types include .mp4 and .mov.

Augusta ADA Solution requires faculty to login with their UH Username and password.

ITS has several tutorials for Augusta ADA Solution available for reference:

  1. Augusta ADA Solution Tutorials – Introduction to the Augusta ADA Solution Interface
  2. Augusta ADA Solution Tutorials – How to Upload Your Video and Edit Closed Captioning
  3. Augusta ADA Solution Tutorials – Export Videos to Google Drive
  4. Augusta ADA Solution Tutorials – Download the Video Subtitle or Transcript

Youtube LogoYouTube

YouTube provides a free to use, built-in tool for captioning after the initial upload of a video. If uploading videos to YouTube, please follow the instructions on YouTube’s support page to create captions.

Amara LogoAmara

If you are using videos hosted on a different service, such as Laulima, Amara is a free service that allows you to create captions for your videos. Simply provide the URL for your video, type what you hear while the video is playing, sync the captions, then review the video to make sure the captions are synchronized properly. Once finished, you can then embed the resulting video and captions into your web page for viewing.

Vimeo LogoVimeo

You can add captions or subtitles to your video on the Advanced tab of your video settings. To upload a captions or subtitles file, click Choose File, specify the language, and tell us whether it’s a caption or subtitle file. Once the file is uploaded, check the box next to the file name to activate it. Uncheck the box to deactivate the file, or click the red X to delete it entirely.

If you don’t already have captions or subtitles for your video, you can purchase them through one of the trusted providers listed below. These same providers are also listed on the Advanced tab of your video’s settings.

Vimeo supports the following captions and subtitles file formats: SRT, WebVTT, DFXP/TTML, SCC, and SAMI files, but we recommend using WebVTT whenever possible. We also recommend encoding your caption files in UTF-8 format. Otherwise, captions that contain special characters may not display properly during playback.

​You can edit existing captions or subtitles for your video by downloading the captions or subtitles file from the Advanced tab of your video settings, making the changes directly in the file, and then re-uploading the file to Vimeo.

More info can be found in Vimeo’s Help Center.

Facebook LogoFacebook

Some departments and organizations use social media to connect with their audience. Online social media must also be accessible. Facebook provides two ways to add captions:

Automatically Generate Captions for Your Page’s Video

  1. Click Share a photo or video at the top of your Page’s timeline.
  2. Click Upload Photos/Video and select a video from your computer.
  3. Click Publish.
  4. Once your video has been published, click Generate from the banner at the top of your post.
  5. Edit the captions and click Save To Video.

Note: Generating captions for videos is currently only available in US English.

Add Captions to Your Page’s Video With a SubRip (.srt) File:

Make sure that your caption files are correctly named and formatted before you upload them.

  1. Click Share a photo or video at the top of your Page’s timeline.
  2. Click Upload Photos/Video and select a video from your computer.
  3. Click Captions, then click Upload SRT File.
  4. Choose a .srt file from your computer.
  5. Select an optional Default Language. If you select a default language, captions will appear in this language when a viewer’s preferred language isn’t available.
  6. Finish adding details to your video and click Publish.

To add captions to an existing video on your Page, find the post on your Page’s timeline, click three dots in the top-right corner, select Edit Post and follow the steps above.

Captions for Live Streaming

Zoom Logo

Zoom Live Transcriptions

With a licensed Zoom account from Site Licensing, Zoom hosts can enable automated Live Transcription for accessibility.

To turn on automated Live Transcription:

  1. Log in to your Zoom Account (https://zoom.us/signin)
  2. Click Settings > In Meeting (Advanced)
  3. Turn on Closed captioning and check Enable live transcription service…
  4. Click Save
  5. Start your meeting
  6. Click the Live Transcript button and then click Enable Auto-Transcription
  7. When attendees speak, the closed captioning will appear within the Zoom meeting
  8. A transcript of the closed captioning can be viewed and saved by clicking the up arrow menu on the Live Transcript button, then selecting the View Full Transcript option.

If you are sharing your screen these options can be found under the …More button at the top of your screen.

Helpful tips:

  • Be sure to speak loudly and clearly
  • Pause between sentences
  • Don’t talk over others
  • Use the Raise Hand feature

Audio descriptions are additional audio tracks in a video that describe onscreen actions or visuals with narration. The narrator of an audio description will describe content happening on screen that is not conveyed through audio such as actions, graphics, and settings. These narrative elements are useful for those individuals who may be blind or low vision, as well as others who may have learning disabilities and English language learners. Audio descriptions are usually played in between dialogue.

If the narrator in the video describes all actions and graphics in the video, or if the video does not contain visuals, it would not need audio descriptions. However, this video would still require captions. If the video does contain actions and graphics not explained by a narrator, then it would need audio descriptions as required by Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act.

Example

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jT5AsjzgIC4&feature=emb_title

Best Practices

  • Avoid the need for audio descriptions by embedding the descriptions in the original narration of the video. For example, if a video contains a presentation showing three key points on a slide; the narrator/presenter might say, “The three key points are…” This information will provide all users with the key points of the video without having to add additional audio descriptions.
  • If you are using YouTube, it is recommended to upload two versions of the video; one video with audio description and one with the default audio. Make sure to caption both videos.
  • The narration should not overlap the audio of the original video.

Writing Audio Descriptions

  • Narrators should depict what they see without interpretation or comment.
  • Describe the passage of time within scenes.
  • The narrator should describe events in the present tense.
  • Narrators should be observant and announce movements, visuals, or body language.
  • For live performances, the audio describer should attend rehearsals, and read the script before the show to prepare an audio description.

Vendors

A list of vendors can be found on the American Council of the Blind’s website. Please note that the University of Hawaii does not endorse or recommend any of these vendors.

Resources

Audio Transcription

Audio only files must include a link to a transcript for the deaf and hard of hearing. This may be a text file or a web page that has a word for word transcription of the spoken dialogue.

Augusta ADA Solution

Augusta ADA Solution is an automated captioning tool provided by the University of Hawaii System which allows faculty and staff to upload sound files for automated transcription. The automated transcript can then be edited for accuracy with the built-in editing tool. Audio files and their transcripts can then be exported to Google Drive for sharing. Supported files types include .wav and .mp3.

Augusta ADA Solution requires faculty to login with their UH Username and password.

oTranscribe LogooTranscribe

otranscribe.com is a website that allows you to seamlessly work on your transcriptions without having to switch between apps. Upload your audio file or enter a YouTube URL and begin typing your transcripts as the audio plays. oTranscribe offers easy navigation and the ability to export the file to Plain text (.txt), Markdown (.md), and oTranscribe (.otr) formats.