Second Language Studies

Second Language Studies is an annual publication of the Department of Second Language Studies. The series presents work in progress by faculty members and graduate students. Papers published in Second Language Studies reflect the focus of the Department’s graduate curriculum, which emphasizes the integration of theory and practice in the belief that practical questions and solutions in language teaching should be accountable both to theory and empirical testing. JD Brown served as editor from 1994–2019, followed by Dustin Crowther from 2020-2022. As of 2023, Second Language Studies is fully student run, with Micah Mizukami currently serving as chief editor. The 2022-2023 editorial board also includes review editors Ha Nguyen and Hitoshi Nishizawa, submission editor Kristen Urada, summary editor Michol Miller, and copy-editor Rickey Larkin. We are always seeking new students to join the board. Please approach any of us if interested in joining the editorial board.
Second Language Studies accepts a range of publication types, including (but not limited to):
  • Empirical Articles: Original research that involves collecting and analyzing either qualitative, quantitative, or both types of data. An empirical article is usually organized into Introduction, Literature Review, Methods, Findings and Discussion sections. IRB approval must be obtained prior to data collection.
  • Theoretical Papers: Papers that discuss theoretical perspectives in second language teaching,  second language learning, second language use, and second language analysis.
  • Research Proposals: Research proposals are research plans that describe the research question(s), methodology, plan for data collection and how the data will be analyzed. Authors are strongly encouraged to submit data collection tools (e.g., interview questions, testing materials, etc.), IRB is not required.
  • Language Test Reviews: Papers that critically survey existing language tests, which includes general descriptions of the test, purposes, uses, and appraisal.
  • Pedagogical Materials (with development notes): Pedagogical materials include lesson plans and teaching activities/ideas that target specific language skills. The authors are encouraged to include actual materials with descriptions of targeted audience (e.g., learners, teachers, teaching contexts)
  • Research Materials (with development notes): Research Materials include Interview protocols, list of interview questions, experimental materials, or any other materials that could be used for research purposes.
  • Scholarly Interviews (e.g., visiting scholars, Brown Bag presenters): Video or audio-recorded conversations with experts in the field. The interviewer must obtain a media release form for the interview to be published in the SLS Papers.
  • Short Essays: Brief papers advancing an opinion relevant to the field of Applied Linguistics. Opinion pieces should be no more than 3,000 words inclusive of references. The piece ought to present well developed arguments and be topical to current scholarship. They should be interesting, engaging, and may stimulate new ideas and provoke debate.
In general, we are open to all submissions relevant to second language studies, and will accept submissions from all members of the University of Hawaiʻi community. All submissions will first be reviewed by the editorial board for appropriateness for the journal, and will then undergo a single blind review. The goal of Second Language Studies is not to reject submissions, but help authors to further develop their submission to meet our expectations of quality. Second Language Studies publishes annually in August. The next deadline to be considered for Spring publication is March 31st, 2024. Submissions can be sent to the editorial board at If you have any questions regarding our submission and review process, or about how to become an editor, please do not hesitate to contact us. We look forward to receiving your contributions!

Second Language Studies is available online.

Volume 41, Number 1, Fall 2023

Micah Mizukami
A Student Led Publication

Sachiko Roos
Language Use of Japanese-English Bilingual Families and Association with Children’s Oral Proficiency in Heritage

Naoki Itakura
Audience Members as Language Brokers in Live Streamed Gaming Session

Maggie McGehee
Test Review: Occupational English Test

Rickey Larkin & Michol Miller
A Short Paper Arguing for Working Papers as a Platform for Scholarly Debate

Michol Miller
Annotated Summaries of Second Language Studies Graduate Work at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, 2022-2023

Volume 40, Number 1, Fall 2022

Dustin Crowther
Yu-Tzu Chang, Ann Tai Choe, Dan Holden, & Dan Isbell
Dustin Crowther & Kristen Urada
Hikaru Ishiyama
Soo Jin Lim
Kristen Urada & Rickey Larkin, Jr.

Volume 39, Number 1, Fall 2021

Dustin Crowther
Second Language Studies – Shining a Light on Resourcefulness

Magdalena Petko
A Case Report: Adapting Reading Class Course Materials to Meet Flipped Classroom Standards, Learning Outcomes, and Flexible Class Formats

Kristen Urada
An Action Research Study on Teaching an Online University Course about Hawaiʻi Creole

Chika Takahashi & Seongah Im
Attitudes Towards the Global Spread of English and Motivation to Study Languages: A Graded Response Model Analysis

Kristen Urada
Annotated Summaries of Second Language Studies Graduate Work at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, 2020-2021

Volume 38, Number 1, Fall 2020

Dustin Crowther
Second Language Studies – A New Dawn

Huy Phung, Ann Tai Choe, Maria Diez-Ortega, Masaki Eguchi, Daniel Holden, Anna Mendoza, and Thu Ha Nguyen
The Multiʻōlelo Initiative for Language Research Communication

Dustin Crowther, Magda Tigchelaar, Jeffrey Maloney, Shawn Loewen
Statistical Knowledge in Second Language Acquisition Research: A Researchers’ Perspective

Kristen Urada
A Summary of Second Language Studies Graduate Work at University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Volume 37, Number 2, Spring 2019

Eunsun Lee
Construction of Cooperative Discourse: An Analysis of Interpreter-Mediated Discussion at a Bilateral Student Forum

Taylor Lewis
#Blacklanguagematters: A Case Study of Black Identities in an L2 isiXhosa Classroom

Jessica F. Michel & Emily G. Plumb
Comparing Receptive Vocabulary Knowledge and Vocabulary Production

Volume 37, Number 1, Fall 2018

Arman Abednia & Graham V. Crookes
Critical Literacy As A Pedagogical Goal In English Language Teaching

Kapuaokekoʻolauikaulupua Angeline Leiko Adams
Hawaiian Language Normalization: An Analysis Of L2 Hawaiian Speaker Narratives

Amy Marquardt
Modelling The Perceived Value Of Compulsory English Education: A Partial Replication

Volume 36, Number 2, Spring 2018

James Dean Brown, Huy Phung, Wei-Li Hsu, Jonathan Trace, Kenton Harsch, & M. Priscilla Faucette
2016–2017 English Language Placement Test (ELIPT) Revision Project

James Nokes
Whaddya Call That Again? Materials for Teaching Connected Speech

Raquel Reinagel
Developing Online Extensive Reading and Listening Materials

Volume 36, Number 1, Fall 2017

Mitsuko Suzuki
Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency Measures in Oral Pre-Task Planning: A Synthesis

Jonathan Trace, James Dean Brown, & Julio Rodriguez
Databank on Stakeholder Views of Technology in Language Learning Tools

Gordon Blaine West
Doing Critical Language Pedagogy in Neoliberal Spaces: A Materialist Narrative Analysis of Teaching Young Learners of English in a Korean Hagwon

Volume 35, Number 2, Spring 2017

James Dean Brown, Wei-Li Hsu, & Kenton Harsch
2017 ELIPT Writing Test Revision Project

Lucas John Edmond
An Evolving Mainstream: A Linguistic Landscapes Analysis of Migration and Assimilation in Cary, NC

Takuya Saeki
Ownership of English Through Study Abroad: How Japanese EFL Students Mitigate Native Speakerist Ideology

Volume 35, Number 1, Fall 2016

Daniel Holden
Place-Based Language Learning Using Mobile Technology: An Analysis of an Original Mall Game and its Redesign for an ESL Course

Dahyun Park
Construction Of Affiliation Through Troubles-Talk In Online Text Chat

Emily Gazda Plumb
Engaged Ethnography At A Samoan Community Language Center: Culturally-Based Literacy And Learning

Volume 34, Number 2, Spring 2016

Melissa M. Joyce Kim
Writing about Writing: Qualities of Metacognitive L2 Writing Reflections

Youngmi Oh
Talking for Writing: Questions in Peer Response to Outline Presentations in an L2 Writing Classroom

Phung Van Huy
Motivational Profiles of Learning Multiple Foreign Languages

Volume 34, Number 1, Fall 2015

Robert C. Cunningham
Needs Analysis for a Developmental Reading, Writing, and Grammar Course at a Private Language School in Cambodia

Chika Takahashi & Seongah Im
Measuring Academically Oriented High School Students' Motivation to Learn English Using Item Response Theory Analysis: The Japanese EFL Context

Yang Liu
Knowing and Care-Taking through Languaging in Places: A Multimodal Analysis on Interactions with an Augmented Reality Mobile Game

Volume 33, Number 2, Spring 2015

James Dean Brown & Elisapeta Tuupo Alaimaleata
The Le Fetuao Samoan Language Center Oral Proficiency Interview

Andrew Rouse
Surveying the Growth and Development of Spoken Language Interpreting in Hawai‘i

Jennifer Shannahan
A Narrative Perspective on A Well-Founded Fear: Officer Stancetaking in a Political Asylum Documentary

Volume 33, Number 1, Fall 2014

Richard Graham Schoonmaker
A Blended Learning Approach to Reading Circles for English Language Learners

Pamela Stacey
Moving from "She Just Sits There" to "She's Opened My Eyes": Evolution of Writing Tutor Roles in Conferences with L1 and L2 Student-Athletes

Jay Tanaka
A Dialectical Approach to Critical Thinking in EAP Writing

Changho Kwon
Student Perspectives on Group Work and Use of L1: Academic Writing in a University EFL Course in Thailand

Volume 32, Number 2, Spring 2014

Michael Bischoff
Getting the Forest for the Trees: Situation Transcending in Massively Multiplayer Online Games

Priw-Prae Litticharoenporn
Oral and Aural English as a Foreign Language Needs at an International School

Aurora M. Tsai
The Role of Visuo-Spatial and Verbal Working Memory in L2 Japanese Reading Proficiency

Volume 32, Number 1, Fall 2013

Matthew Barbee
Extracurricular L2 Input in a Japanese EFL Context: Exposure, Attitudes, and Motivation

Jon Trace
Designing a Task-Based Critical Listening Construct for Listening Assessment

Mónica Vidal
Talking with Abuelo: Styling Insider-Outsider Identities in a Multi-Cultural Family

Volume 31, Number 2, Spring 2013

Sujeong Choi
Language Anxiety in Second Language Writing: Is It Really a Stumbling Block?

Cholo Kim
Vocabulary Acquisition with Affixation: Learning English Words Based on Prefixes & Suffixes

Gavin Lamb
"Mista, Are You in a Good Mood?": Stylization and Crossing as an Affiliative Resource for Building Rapport in Classroom Interaction

Volume 31, Number 1, Fall 2012

James Dean Brown, Gerriet Janssen, Jonathan Trace, & Liudmila Kozhevnikova
A Preliminary Study of Cloze Procedure as a Tool for Estimating English Readability for Russian Students

Alicia Calhoun
Moving from Race to Identities in Second Language Learning

Valerie Meier
Evaluating Rater and Rubric Performance on a Writing Placement Exam

Volume 30, Number 2, Spring 2012

Meredith Hanson
A Participatory Inquiry of Japanese Name Use, Language Learning, and Identity Development

Sena Pierce
Utilization-focused Evaluation for Program Development: The Need for Teaching Experience in the Bachelor of Arts Program in Second Language Studies

Veronika Timpe
Strategic Decoding of Sociopragmatic Assessment Tasks—An Exploratory Think-aloud Validation Study

Volume 30, Number 1, Fall 2011

Jean Young Chun
The Construct Validation of ELI Listening Placement Tests

Jacob A. Kletzien
On the Merits of Mixing Methods: A Language Program Evaluation

Jessica Lynn Wells Miranda
Effect of Graphic Organizers on the Reading Comprehension of an English Language Learner with a Learning Disability

Volume 29, Number 2, Spring 2011

Alohalani Housman, Kaulana Dameg, Mahealani Kobashigawa, & James Dean Brown
Report on the Hawaiian Oral Language Assessment (H-OLA) Development Project

Yoko Abe
Perceptions of Bilingual English Teachers by Teachers and Students

Shoko Sasayama
Cognition Hypothesis and Second Language Performance: Comparison of Written and Oral Task Performance

Volume 29, Number 1, Fall 2010

Riana Helen Agnesia
Features Affecting Task-Motivation in English for Academic Purposes Online Learning

Andrew Choy
Eh, Das Jus Like Da Kine, Ah?: Researching the Role of Pidgin in Church

Yoko Uchida
Measuring Knowledge of English Orthotactics in Japanese Learners of English Towards the Establishment of a Training Scheme for /l/-/r/ Perception

Volume 28, Number 2, Spring 2010

Rubén Fernández Asensio
Language Policy in the Kingdom of Hawai'i: A Worldly English Approach

Hye Yoon Cho
Bi-directional Rhetorical Transfer in the Writing of Korean Learners of English: A Case Study of Three Groups

Ju A Hwang
A Case Study of the Influence of Freewriting on Writing Fluency and Confidence of EFL College-level Students

Volume 28, Number 1, Fall 2009

Cade Bushnell
On NS/NNS Identity and 'Warrantability': The Interactional Co-authorship of an Occasioned Medium by a First and Second Language Speaker of Japanese

Josephine Lee
The President is Out of His Mind: Membership Categorization Analysis of Korean Mothers' Assessments on the South Korean English Immersion Policy Proposal

James Dean Brown
Language Curriculum Development: Mistakes Were Made, Problems Faced, and Lessons Learned

Volume 27, Number 2, Spring 2009

Sachiyo Kawanami & Kazuya Kawanami
Evaluation Of World Englishes Among Japanese Junior And Senior High School Students

Schiko Okamoto
Orientation To The Languages Of The Moment: Opportunities For Learning Two Target Languages In A Multilingual Foreign Language Classroom

Dongping Zheng
Teachers As Coaches: A Teacher’s Perceptions And Actions In A Game-Based Virtual Learning Environment

Volume 27, Number 1, Fall 2008

Chika Kojima Takahashi
Japanese Learners’ Perceptions of Self-Instructional Radio Materials

Eric Setoguchi
Multiple-Choice Discourse Completion Tasks In Japanese English Language Assessment

Taeyoung Kim
Korean L2 Writers’ Previous Writing Experience: L1 Literacy Development In School

Volume 26, Number 2, Spring 2008

Yoko Kusumoto
Needs Analysis: Developing A Teacher Training Program For Elementary School Homeroom Teachers In Japan

Yoon Ah Seong
Evaluating An Instrument For Assessing Connected Speech Performance Using Facets Analysis

Yukiko Watanabe & Dennis Koyama
A Meta-Analysis Of Second Language Cloze Testing Research

Volume 26, Number 1, Fall 2007

Castle Sinicrope, John Norris, & Yukiko Watanabe
Understanding and Assessing Intercultural Competence: A Summary of Theory, Research, and Practice (Technical Report for the Foreign Language Program Evaluation Project)

Wei-Wei Yang
Standard Setting for the Listening Subtest on a University ESL Placement Test

Soo Jung Youn
Rater Bias in Assessing the Pragmatics of KFL Learners Using Facets Analysis

Volume 25, Number 2, Spring 2007

James Dean Brown
Multiple Views of L1 Writing Score Reliability

Roderick A. Gammon
Regulatory Influence on a Honolulu Adult Education Program, 2003–2005: A Case Study

Tom Tsurutani
Developing a New English Language Program

Volume 25, Number 1, Fall 2006

Mariko Emura
Language Socialization in Elementary School ESL: Multi-Directional Socialization Processes

Eun-Suk Choi, Naoko Mochizuki, Aya Takeda & Yukiko Watanabe
Analysis and Comparision of the Junior and Senior High School Level English Textbooks for Japan and Korea

Yukiko Watanabe
A Needs Analysis for a Japanese High School EFL General Education Curriculum

Volume 24, Number 2, Spring 2006

Sorin Huh
A Task-Based Analysis for a Business English Course

Aki Iimuro
Conversation Analysis of E-Mail Requests by Second Language Speakers

Treela McKamey
Getting Closure on Cloze: A Validation Study of the "Rational Deletion" Method

Volume 24, Number 1, Fall 2005

Eun-Suk Choi
Semantic Context Effects in Forward and Backward Word Translation by Korean Learners of English

John M. Norris
Using Developmental Sequences to Estimate Ability with English Grammar: Preliminary Design and Investigation of a Web-Based Test

Annie Tremblay
Theoretical and Methodological Perspectives on the Use of Grammaticality Judgement Tasks in Linguistic Theory

Volume 23, Number 2, Spring 2005

Younghee Her
Memorial, Korean & English

Bong Gi Sohn
Memorial, Korean & English

Takayuki Okazaki
Memorial, Korean

Photo of Ok Kyoon Yoo, July 26, 1972-March 27, 2005

Kathryn A. Davis

Ok Kyoon Yoo
Discourses of English as an Official Language in a Monolingual Society: The Case of South Korea

Reiko Hatori
Policy on Language Education in Japan: Beyond Nationalism and Linguicism

Hye-Sun Cho
"Although we still have a long way to go, I don't think we will ever stop." A Grassroots EFL Teacher Development Group in South Korea

Younghee Her
Identity Construction in Litereacy Practices in L2: A Case Study of Three Korean Graduate Students in a TESOL Program

Renae Skarin
Generation 1.5 in Hawaii: Gaining Critical Tools for Reading the World

Takayuki Okazaki
Critical Consciousness and Critical Language Teaching

Volume 23, Number 1, Fall 2004

Roderick A. Gammon
Participation and Retention within a Predominantly Asian Adult ESL Population in Honolulu, Hawai'i

Kyungran Jung
L2 Vocabulary Development Through Conversation: A Conversation Analysis

John Rylander
Interaction in a Chinese as a Foreign Language Classroom: A Conversation Analysis Approach

Volume 22, Number 2, Spring 2004

Kari Gibson
English Only Court Cases Involving the U.S. Workplace: The Myths of Language Use and the Homogenization of Bilingual Workers' Identities

Martyn Clark
By the Numbers: The Rationale for Rasch Analysis in Placement Testing

James Dean Brown
Performance Assessment: Existing Literature and Directions for Research

Volume 22, Number 1, Fall 2003

Tomomi Sasaki
Recipient Orientation in Verbal Report Protocols: Methodological Issues in Concurrent Think-Aloud

Antonio José Bacelar da Silva
The Effects of Instruction on Pragmatic Development: Teaching Polite Refusals in English

Janice E. Yamanaka
Effects of Proficiency and Length of Residence on the Pragmatic Comprehension of Japanese ESL Learners

Volume 21, Number 2, Spring 2003

Heather L. Caban
Rater Group Bias in the Speaking Assessment of Four L1 Japanese ESL Students

Peter Robinson
The Cognitive Hypothesis, Task Design, and Adult Task-Based Language Learning

Yao Zhang
The Effects of Persons, Items, and Subtests on UH ELIPT Reading Test Scores

Volume 21, Number 1, Fall 2002

Yoshinori J. Fukuya & Yao Zhang
Effects of Recasts on EFL Learners' Acquisition of Pragmalinguistic Conventions of Request

Moana Rosa
Don'cha Know? A Survey of ESL Teachers' Perspectives on Reduced Forms Instruction

James Dean Brown
Do Cloze Tests Work? Or, Is It Just an Illusion?

Volume 20, Number 2, Spring 2002

Kevin R. Gregg
The Language Socialization Paradigm for SLA: What's in it for you?

Yuki Hashimoto
Motivation and Willingness to Communicate as Predictors of Reported L2 Use: The Japanese ESL Context

Yan D. Liao & Yoshinori J. Fukuya
Avoidance of Phrasal Verbs: The Case of Chinese Learners of English

Sunyoung Shin
Effects of Subskills and Text Types on Korean EFL Reading Scores

Volume 20, Number 1, Fall 2001

Catherine J. Doughty & Michael H. Long
Optimal Psycholinguistic Environments for Distance Foreign Language Learning

Crystal Fen-Chuan Lu
The Acquisition of English Articles by Chinese Learners

Eric Hauser
Corrective Recasts in Interaction: A Case Study

Yasuko Ito
Effect of Reduced Forms on ESL Learners' Input-Intake Process

Volume 19, Number 2, Spring 2001

Priscilla Faucette
A Pedagogical Perspective on Communication Strategies: Benefits of Training and an Analysis of English Language Teaching Materials

Yuka Murakami
The Process of Grounding by Native and Nonnative Speakers of Japanese

Julius Soria
A Study of Ilokano Learners’ Lexical Inferencing Procedures Through Think-Aloud

Piyasuda Wongsawang
Culture-Specific Notions in L2 Communication Strategies

Volume 19, Number 1, Fall 2000

Craig Chaudron
Contrasting Approaches to Classroom Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Language Use and Learning

Chen-Ling Chou
Chinese Speakers' Acquisition of English Conditionals: Acquisition Order and L1 Transfer Effects

Kimi Kondo-Brown
Effects of Three Types of Practice after Explicit Explanation

Jennifer R. Wishnoff
Hedging Your Bets: L2 Learners' Acquisition of Pragmatic Devices in Academic Writing and Computer-Mediated Discourse

Volume 11, Number 2, Spring 1993

Richard Day
Models and the Knowledge Base of Second Language Teacher Education

Graham Crookes
Metatheory for Second Language Teaching

Volume 8, Number 2, Fall 1989

Robert Bley-Vroman & Deborah Masterson
Reaction Time as a Supplement to Grammaticality Judgements in the Investigation of Second Language Learners' Competence